Lindsay McMahon
"The English Adventurer"
Jessica Beck
"Director of IELTS Training"

Today you’ll learn how to avoid repeating sentence structures in Task 2.

A student wrote to us with the worry about her grammar in the IELTS Task 2 essay.

The post in our closed Facebook group said:

I realize that I’ve been overusing the term ‘there are‘ in the Task 2 essay. I notice that I use it once in each paragraph so I use it 4 times.

Honestly, you won’t be marked down for that! It’s not enough repetition to be marked down on.

If the examiner sees too many simple sentences, or too many sentences that are the same structure throughout your essay, it’s impossible to get a 7 or higher for grammar.

Having said that, it is good to ponder your options for framing sentences in different ways.

However, I believe there are consequences.

Despite this fact/Nevertheless, there do exist consequences.

Using ‘do‘ to emphasize ‘exist‘ is very native.


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There are some blatant and obvious causes that exist.

Blatant and obvious causes exist/are present.

You can put the object as the subject to switch up the structure.

Even though the consequences appear to be challenging, there are viable solutions.

…, one can see viable solutions.

…, it’s possible to find viable solutions.

There are no easy answers to this issue.

Easy answers just don’t exist.

One would struggle to find easy solutions.

Practice using today’s structures in your next Task 2 essay!

Which structure do you need paraphrases for?

Share your questions in the comments section below!


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