Lindsay McMahon
"The English Adventurer"

raise, rise, arise, in English

Today we are going to tackle three tough verbs that students get confused about.

Those English verbs are arise, rise, and raise.

These are just about as confusing as the verbs lie versus lay which we covered in a different episode.

Today we will try to make the difference as clear as possible.

After you listen today, please go out and practice these verbs as much as you can!


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Here is a question from a listener:

Hi Lindsay and Michelle,

I’m Gary Wang from Taiwan. I have been listening your podcast for one year, and really like your style to learn English. Your voice is so clear, amazing, and warm for listener. Will follow your episodes to learn more in English.

BTW, I have no idea this is common problem or not in learning vocabulary. It’s easy for me to be confused on use following words, “rise, arise, raise”. For example, I wanna heads up some problems for some guys, which one is right word to use? I’m not so clear about their usages in speaching.




1- “Raise”

“Raise” is a transitive verb, so it always takes an object.


  • They raised prices.
  • He raised his hand when the teacher asked the question.

Tenses- present: raises; past tense: raised; past participle: raised;

Conversation question: Do you think they should raise the minimum wage?

**This word can also be used as a noun: “Did you ask for a raise last week?”



“Rise” is an intransitive verb, so it doesn’t take an object.


  • The sun rises every morning at 6 am.
  • Prices have risen again for the third time this year.

Present: rises; past tense: rose; gerund or present participle: rising; past participle: risen

Conversation question: How do dictators rise to power?


3- “Arise”

Something comes into being, becomes apparent, or comes up.

This is an intransitive verb because it has no direct object.

This  verb is formal.

We don’t use it much in casual conversation situations.


  • If questions arise please tell me before the end of class.

Present: arises; past tense: arose; gerund or present participle: arising; past participle: arisen

Conversation question: What thoughts or questions arose from your trip to Japan?


What questions do you have from today’s episode?

Let us know in the comments.

Thanks for listening!


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